イスラム教三大聖地~Sacred Place~
























◆ First sacred place Mecca
Birthplace of Prophet Muhammad, Mecca is the holiest city in Islam.
Mecca is the capital of Makkah State in Saudi Arabia, and Muslims are famous for praying toward Mecca at a fixed time five times a day.
The Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca) is a duty that every Muslim should perform at least once in his or her lifetime, as long as his physical strength and financial resources allow it, and is enshrined in the holy book of Islam, the Koran (3:97).
The pilgrimage to Mecca is one of the Six Faiths that form the basis of Islamic faith.
For this reason, more than 3 million people from all over the world make pilgrimages to the Holy Land every year from the 8th to the 10th of December (Zu al-Hijjah) in the Islamic calendar, so there is no end to the number of pilgrims.
Among the holy sites, Masjid al-Haram is believed to be the most sacred place on earth for Muslims, and non-Muslims are prohibited from entering.

At the center of the Mecca mosque is a stone cubical temple called the Kaaba. Muslims pray in the direction of the Kaaba. This direction is called Qibla.

In the Qur’an, pilgrimage to the Kaaba is described as follows:

“To make a pilgrimage to this shrine is a sacred duty as a human being to Allah.”

◆ The Second Holy Land, Medina
Medina is the burial place of Prophet Muhammad and the second holiest city in Islam.
Medina is the capital of the state of Medina in Saudi Arabia (Arabian Peninsula).
Along with Mecca, Medina is known as one of the two sanctuaries of Islam, and it is customary for pilgrims who visit Mecca to visit Medina as well.
As in Mecca, non-Muslims are not allowed to enter. Intrusions by infidels will result in severe penalties.

The Third Holy Land “Jerusalem”
Prophet Muhammad was originally worshiped in Jerusalem, not Mecca, and was brought to this land by the angel Gabriel, and experienced a miraculous journey from the temple in Mecca to the temple in Jerusalem in one night. Because of its location, Jerusalem is considered the third holiest city in Islam.

“Accompanied by the Archangel Jibril (Gabriel), ascended from the rock above the temple in Jerusalem on the winged horse Brahk to the presence of Allah.”

The Dome of the Rock (Temple Mount) was built there and is considered one of the sacred sites.

Jerusalem is a city in Israel and the Palestinian Territories.
Jerusalem is a world-famous holy city and a common holy place for Judaism, Christianity and Islam, and is famous as an international religious city.

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